This guide will set you up so that you can learn more about politics by yourself.
This is the basic triarchial process. Any dogma or anti-dogma becomes rationalized philosophy, which then is applied into culture and then politics. Politics is applied philosophy. Philosophy is rationalized theology. Not all theology is converted into philosophy, just as not all philosophy is converted into politics. But they sure are each other's foundations.
Now there are some demarcations you can follow. There are two basic classifications which, confusingly enough, run parallel. One classification is horizontally: theology, philosophy, politics. The other classification is vertical: metaphysics, antimetaphysis and ametaphysics. Here are some quick definition of these terms:
Metaphysics - The branch of philosophy which studies fundamental principles intended to describe or explain all that is, and which are not themselves explained by anything more fundamental; the study of first principles; the study of being insofar as it is being.
Ametaphysics - The metaphysics of scientific realism (the universe described by science is real regardless of how it may be interpreted); Same in nature but not as polemic (controversial) as antimetaphysics.
Antimetaphysics - The belief that spiritual and religious metaphysics is a delusion and pursuing it impedes the advancement of knowledge.
First, it all starts with theology. Theology is how man interprets its being and self and its relation with what is outside himself. There are two basic metaphysic "schools": traditional transcendentalism, and gnosticism.
Traditional transcendentalism is zoroastrianism, traditional catholicism/orthodoxy, and shi'a muslims. They believe that as there is a creation, there must be a creator god. You are saved by a combination of faith and good deeds.
The other theological school is gnosticism, which has the widest array of theological and spiritual beliefs. Hinduism, Egyptian/Baal/Babylonian sun worship, Wahabi islam, New Age, Judaism, Freemasonry, Illuminism, Neopaganism and a myriad of different modern cults/sects.
The key difference between both is that gnosticism believes salvation does not come from god, but from mankind itself. In gnosticism the supreme being (person) is antagonized by the demiurge (god) which must both fight each other. God wants to submit Man, and Man must fight God to obtain their freedom, to uncover what they knew as Gnosis, the "ultimate" form of knowledge which could make Man no longer need God, because they would be a sort of god themselves with the help of supreme knowledge.
But not everything is theological and suprarational, and while the ancient religions and the mysticism in new age stuff assumes there are things above rationality (superrationality) and the existence of a god or deities, there is a non-theological approach which is antimetaphysics. Antimetaphyiscs are rational, and do not believe in things outside science or rationality. It is modernism. It is centered on mankind, science and its material woes. They reject the study of the outside, but rather focus on the inside and rationality of man as a sentient being. The core of a modernists is agnosticism: they follow the basic premise of gnosticism that mankind saves itself, but it rationalizes it and removes the mystical aspects as it feels only rational knowledge can save mankind and everything outside rationality is fake.
Then finally, in rejection of anti-metaphyiscs and modernism there lies the fairly new field of AMETAPHYSICS: the rejection of all grand myths and beliefs. An antimetaphysic is postmodern. This school rejects both the metaphyiscal superrationality of things beyond mens understanding and also rejects antimetaphysical rational explanations of the universe. Instead they believe in non-understanding of the universe, that truth lies in the eye of the beholder, and that any establishment of a universal truth or relation with one's inner self and the outside world is a one-sided imposition of thought. Therefore, a postmodern believes that every persona has its own version of reality, "everyone is right at the same time" which must not be interfered by outside influences, because it will deny the liberty of man. So it is irrational in itself.
Finally, I will list the different subdivisions of anti-metaphyisical thought so you can make your own research. Note that Gnosticism is syncretic, so that sometimes it seems to be directly related with some antimetaphysical rationalist doctrines, only to finally show its internal incoherence with the movement it seeks to parasite. A great example is freemasonry, seems rational but is not.
- Decadence Theory:
Deconstructionism, which leads directly to avoiding antimetaphyisics all together and becoming ametaphyisics.
Therefore, when you see colliding narratives in the media remember the masses are widely anti-metaphysical and rationality oriented, the elites are mostly gnostics in hiding and metaphysical suprarational mystics, and the new left is ametaphyisical and irrational. So irrationality is pushed into the rational masses while the elites hide away in their suprarational beliefs.